On Iceland's southern coast, this volcano closed Europe to air travel in 2010. Iceland sits astride a magma plume along the mid-Atlantic ridge, and the entire island has been built by lava flows. This process continues today.
Cliffs at Þingvellir
Walking in the mid-Atlantic ridge. Literally.
An ever-present sandpiper in grassy areas of Iceland during the early summer breeding season.
Gullfoss (golden falls
Gullfoss drops 32 meters (105 feet) into a crevice perpendicular to the flow of the Hvitá River. The crevice is a 1.5 mile fault in Iceland's crust. The souce of the Hvitá River is the Lángjökull icecap 25 miles north of Gullfoss.
Landscape from the Ring Road
Iceland's sturdy breed of horse
Sturdy.....like the Norse people that settled Iceland.
A relative of the albatross, fulmars are one of the commonest sea birds nesting on Iceland's lava cliffs.
Reykjavik is a European city that is easy to prowl on foot, and has all the conveniences. Including friendly Icelanders.
Cafe Lokí in Reykjavik
Very appetizing lunch of pickled herring and fish salad, followed by rye-bread ice cream. I kid you not.
Reykjavik, near Hallgrimskirkja
Statue commemorating the Viking settlement of Iceland in the 9th Century.
A striking stainless steel sculpture on Reykjavik's waterfront, designed by Jón Gunnar Árnason. Daily it continues the Viking voyages.
Iceland's largest church, constructed of concrete. In the capitol city, Reykjavic.
Harpa, Reykjavic's concert hall
The interior of Harpa is a photographer's delight, and there were several, besides myself, exploring the many interior facets.
Pastry and coffee at Harpa
A church on the western end of the Reykjanes peninsula.
Duushus Museum in Keflavic
Besides art and cultural exhibits, this museum contains a large number of Grimur Karlsson's incredibly detailed miniature ship models.
Through the rain on my car window. This church is on the north side of the fjord Hvalfjörður, north of Reykjavic.
On the road to Borgarnes
On Iceland Route 1, North of Reykjavik.
Church in Stykkishólmur
Stykkishólmur is a surprising town on the north coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula. Not only does it have a futuristic church with a lovely interior, but this town of 1500 people staffs a 71 bed hotel with a most interesting restaurant.
Grundarfjörður is situated at a lovely bay on the northern coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.
On the western coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula, near a great place to watch and photograph the birds that breed on the lava cliffs.
The volcano Snaefellsjökull
Snaefellsjökull, at the western end of the peninsula of similar name, is the volcano that Jules Verne imagined as the entrance to the center of the earth. The current caldera is the snow-covered peak on the right. The suffix "jökull" (yo-kutta) rightly refers to "icecap." However all the icecaps cover volcanoes, the latter being the highest peaks in Iceland.
Brünnich's (thick-billed) murre
A high-Arctic seabird in the same family as puffins. Difficult to find in most of Europe, but hundreds of thousands breed on sea cliffs in Iceland. Note that the cliffs are of a porous lava -- if you should visit Iceland, don't walk to the very edge of the cliffs.
One of the two "white-winged" gulls, glaucous and Iceland. Strangely, the smaller Iceland gull does not breed in Iceland. Both these birds are Arctic in breeding distribution.
Beach at Hellnar
Oystercatchers are well-named, as they use their chisel-shaped bills to pry open shellfish.
Broken lava crust
The cracked lava crust yields an excellent format for experimenting with draconian sci-fi images.
Hellnar is a small town on the southwestern coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula. There is an amazing small cafe in Hellnar that serves the best soup and coffee, and even waffles for breakfast. The peak behind is Stapafell, on the edge of the volcano Snaefellsjökull.
A rocky promontory in Hellnar contains a cave, on the left, inhabited by hundreds of sea birds.
On the southern coast of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.
The Vestmannaeyjar are a group of islands just off Iceland's southern coast. The islands been the site of several eruptions in the 20th Century, one which created a new island.
Port of the city, Heimaey, on the island of the same name.
The scenery in Iceland is awesome.
A tidy little church in the shadow of Eyjafjallajökull.
Þorvaldseyri farm ....
....was severely damaged by the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull (in background) in 2012. To rest the farm, and keep their heads above water, the owners have opened a museum concerning the eruption. An interesting stop in a beautifully scenic part of Iceland: http://www.icelanderupts.is/en/sidur/about-the-exhibition.
A glacial tongue off the Mýrdalsjökull icecap. Under that icecap is the dangerous volcano, Katla, long overdue for eruption.
Black sand beach west of Vík
Beach in Conde Naste's top ten beaches of the world. Not for swimming, though.
As seen from a cave on the black sand beach near Vík.